Russian Federation

Country profile

Russia is the largest country in the world. The total land area of Russia is 17,075,400 sq. km. The population is 141.9 million people. Russia is a multinational, multi-ethnic state with over 180 nationalities. Russians form the largest ethnic group, accounting for more than 80% of the population.

The official language in the Russian Federation is Russian, but a large number of other languages and dialects exist.

Orthodox Christianity is the dominant religion. Islamic, Catholic, Buddhist and other confessions are also presented.

Administrative subdivisions of the Russian Federation include 46 regions, 21 republics, 9 territories, and 7 others.

At the present time Russia is the world’s largest producer and exporter of natural gas and the world’s second largest producer and exporter of oil.


Essential links

Russia by the Numbers — is an online factbook hosted at the official website of the Government of the Russian Federation. It provides a brief wiki-style summary of the geography, social statistics, economic development, history and culture of all Russian federal entities. This factbook is an informative, entertaining and easy to navigate source of information about modern Russia. All entries are available in English and Russian languages.

The site of the RT network also has a series of presentations in English devoted to the subject:


Airports & Railstations




Administrative division

Political system


Official state holidays